Submission Preparation ChecklistAs part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
This submission has not been previously published, nor has it been submitted for consideration in another journal.
The data presented in this submission have not been presented in part nor whole in any previously published article.
- This manuscript adheres fully to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the author guidelines http://www.serbiosoc.org.rs/arch/index.php/abs/about/submissions#authorGuidelines
The article does not contain more than a combination of EIGHT tables and/or complete figures. The results are presented concisely and related findings (figures) are grouped as much as possible under a single figure(s) comprised of several sub-figures.
- Tables are presented at the end of the text and are separated by a page break.
- The Figure Legends are presented at the end of the manuscript, after the last table, separated by a page break. They provide descriptions of respective figures, making them comprehensible without reference to the text. Each figure legend has a title which is followed by the figure caption.
- Figures are embedded in the text after the Figure Legends section, separated by page breaks. One complete figure is presented on one page.
- Figures, when images, will be uploaded as supplementary files in tiff format. A complete figure will be submitted (uploaded) as one file, not as several separate files.
- Tables and figures that do not present novel results described in the paper will be uploaded as supplementary online files..
The manuscript has been prepared and will be uploaded as ONE MS.word.doc file. All figures are embedded at the end of the manuscript.
Figures, only when they are images (tiff files), will ALSO be uploaded.
Submissions must not be uploaded as a compressed file-folder.
Metadata for the submission: All data for all authors (first, middle and last name, e.mail, ORCiD, academic/research rank, affiliation, country) have been entered in the online system.
Each author has signed the Copyright Transfer Agreement that will be uploaded using the “ADD A SUPPLEMENTARY FILE” tab.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FAQs
Q. Is there an article processing charge?
A. The Archives of Biological Sciences does not charge authors an article processing charge.
Q. How many days does it take to review a submission?
A. The "days to review" can be calculated from the date of submission (or designation of Review Version) to the initial Editor Decision (for articles on the OnLine First page [http://www.doiserbia.nb.rs/issue.aspx?issueid=3563), while the "days to publish" is measured for accepted submissions from its original uploading to its publication.
Q. Why is my paper archived?
A. The answer to this question also contains IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR UNHINDERED COMMUNICATION WITH THE EDITORIAL OFFICE.
The paper is archived because it was rejected as an Unsuitable Submission, but the e.mail informing the corresponding author is missing because it was rejected by the author's e.mail client. Upon submission of a manuscript authors should receive an automated Submission Acknowledgement.
Authors are subsequently also informed if their submission does not adhere to the journal's Author Guidelines and has been rejected as an "Unsuitable Submission" or as "Resubmission Requested", and is archived. However, sometimes certain e.mail clients do not recognize e.mail from abs.ibiss.bg.ac.rs. If you are missing e.mails from the Archives of Biological Sciences (ABS), please check your e.mail account's Spam or Junk folder to ensure the message was not filtered. If the message was filtered, you may find an option to 'Mark as good', 'Not spam', 'Not junk', or 'Add sender / sender's domain to safe sender list.' This will aid in receiving future e.mails from ABS.
Q. Is the manuscript entitled: "..." (with for example the abstract attached to the e.mail), suitable for publication in Archives of Biological Sciences?
A. Preliminary assessments of potential submissions are not carried out. Whether a paper is accepted for peer review depends on its content as well as on its presentation.
The Archives of Biological Sciences is published quarterly in an open access electronic format.
The Archives of Biological Sciences uses an open-source software for the management of peer-reviewed academic journals, the Open Journal System, created by the Public Knowledge Project, released under the GNU General Public License. Instructions for the submission using OJS are available on the following links:
M A N U S C R I P T S U B M I S S I O N O V E R V I E W
Submitted manuscripts should be full-length original research articles, excluding technical reports and short publications such as "Communications", "Comments", "Notes", etc.
The Archives of Biological Sciences is a multidisciplinary journal that covers original research in a wide range of subjects in life science, including biology, ecology, human biology and biomedical research.
The Archives of Biological Sciences features scientific research articles in genetics, botany, zoology, higher and lower terrestrial and aquatic plants and animals, prokaryote biology, algology, mycology, entomology, biological systematics, evolution, biochemistry, molecular and cell biology, including all aspects of normal cell functioning, from embryonic to differentiated tissues and in different pathological states, physiology, chronobiology, thermal biology, cryobiology, radiobiology, neurobiology, immunology, human immunology, human biology, including the molecular biological/biochemical basis of specific human pathologies and disease management.
We advise authors against simultaneous submission of two or more different manuscripts to the Archives of Biological Sciences.
Submissions that are NOT CONSIDERED: manuscripts diverging from experimental research (in vivo and in vitro biological experiments), such as articles on in silico biology, research in veterinary science, agronomy (field experiments) and agricultural science (particularly if they are of local importance and are not generalizable), forestry papers, silviculture, stomatology, food technology, descriptions of technological processes, solutions and instrumentation, technical reports containing observations, chemical characterization with no research into a biological explanatory mechanism, patient case studies, papers in pedagogy of biological science. The scope of the journal is global, so short faunistic/floristic notes, checklists of limited geographical areas (e.g. a country) are not considered. Single species descriptions can only be accepted if the relevance of the new taxon can be demonstrated (e.g. a description of single new species in a genus that already contains many will not be considered); submission of articles describing new species on a single specimen is strongly discouraged.
Scientific review articles (unsolicited submissions) will be considered.
A review article should provide critical analysis of previously published literature in a specific field; it should organize, evaluate, identify patterns and trends and synthesize the literature, as well as identify research gaps and recommend new research areas.
New data from the author’s experiments should not be presented in a review article.
A review article will only be considered if it is written by a verified expert (the corresponding author) with extensive knowledge based on research in a particular subject area of study, which should be backed by self-citations in the field that is reviewed and not by self-citations of previously published review articles, book chapters, etc.
Before submission, the author should contact the Editor-in-Chief to ensure the proposed review article is within the current aims and scope of the journal.
The author must provide (i) the title of the review paper; (ii) a detailed reason why, in the light of the state of the art, the review is needed; (iii) a brief description of the contents of the paper including section titles and a list of references. (Inclusion of more than 60 references must be avoided).
The Editor-in-Chief will evaluate the proposal and contact the author with a decision on the matter.
* * *
Submission of a manuscript to the editor implies that it has not been previously published, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that if accepted it will not be published elsewhere in the same form without the written consent of the editor; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors (if any), as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institution where the work has been carried out.
I M P O R T A N T I N F O R M A T I O N
Online Submission: Please follow the hyperlink “Make a Submission” on the right and upload all files following the instructions given on the screen. Manuscripts and accompanying material must be submitted electronically through the online manuscript submission system, manuscripts sent by email are not considered.
All subsequent versions of the manuscript must be uploaded using the same paper ID and defined password. In all future correspondence please mention the manuscript ID.
The CORRESPONDING AUTHOR is the individual who, when working on a paper with multiple authors, takes primary responsibility for all communication with the journal.
The submitting author is automatically designated as the corresponding author in the submission system. Therefore, A SUBMISSION MUST BE UPLOADED BY THE CORRESPONDING AUTHOR as the PRIMARY CONTACT. The editor may reject a paper that has not been submitted by the prospective corresponding author.
Authors may suggest the names of suitable potential reviewers with email addresses and affiliations, briefly explaining why they think the scientists would be good referees.
A U T H O R G U I D E L I N E S
WHEN PREPARING A MANUSCRIPT FOR SUBMISSION YOU MUST IMPLEMENT THE AUTHOR GUIDELINES.
Please take the time to read and apply these instructions to the presentation of your work.
Pay attention to detail before submitting a paper.
Ensure that your manuscript follows these guidelines before uploading your submission.
Submissions are declined if they do not adhere to these guidelines.
Manuscripts are rejected if they do not follow the specific 'house style' of Archives of Biological Sciences for presenting the content.
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check-off their submission's compliance with all included items. The checklist appears in the Author Guidelines, under About the Journal. A paper that does not meet the journal's manuscript organization and bibliographic requirements, which is carelessly drafted, formatted, incomplete, which is written in substandard English and in which the presentation of tables and figures is substandard, is rejected immediately as an "Unsuitable Submission", of which the corresponding author is duly informed, and the paper is archived.
- SUBMISSION METADATA
A submission is not complete until all details for all authors: first, middle and last name, e.mail, academic/research rank, affiliation, country, ORCID iD have been ENTERED in the Submission Metadata field on the submission web page in the online system. The primary affiliation for each author should be the institution where the majority of their work was done. If an author has subsequently moved, the current address may also be stated.
The ORCID iD is particularly recommended for the corresponding author and will speed up manuscript evaluation. Note that an ORCID iD with "no public information available" serves no purpose and should not be submitted.
ORCiD iDs can only be assigned by the ORCID Registry. You must conform to their standards for expressing ORCiD iDs, and include the full URI as follows: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1825-0097.
- COPYRIGHT TRANSFER AGREEMENT
Upon submission of a paper, the corresponding author must fill and each author must sign the Archives of Biological Sciences Copyright Transfer Agreement:[http://serbiosoc.org.rs/NewUploads/Uploads/Copyright%20Transfer%20Agreement.pdf]
The completed and signed agreement should be uploaded as one pdf file using the “ADD A SUPPLEMENTARY FILE” tab on the submission web page.
- At submission, the signed Archives of Biological Sciences Copyright Transfer Agreement Form confirms the approval of all authors of the submitted version (and any substantially modified version the work concerned), and that the authors agree to be personally accountable for the authors' individual contributions, ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work, even those in which an author was not personally involved, are appropriately investigated, resolved, and that the resolution is documented in the literature.
Please take note that the Editor-in-Chief of Archives of Biological Sciences is not in a position to investigate or adjudicate authorship disputes before or after publication, and any changes to the author list after submission such as a change in the order of the authors or the deletion or addition of authors must be approved by every author.
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THE SUBMISSION must be prepared and uploaded as ONE MS Word document with all figures embedded at the end of the manuscript.
A submission and any part thereof must NOT be uploaded as a compressed file-folder.
Supplementary files that are also uploaded are:
(1) the figures, but ONLY when they are images (tiff files; see the instructions below)
(2) the Copyright Transfer Agreement pdf file, which has been signed by all authors
(3) SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL Word file as an online-only supplement (if applicable; see below).
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M A N U S C R I P T P R E P A R A T I O N
Manuscripts must be submitted in English.
It is essential that a manuscript is prepared in accordance with the journal's author guidelines and is written in clear and grammatically correct English. Journal policy includes the requirement for proper English. Correct language ensures the reliability of the results and their comprehension by other scientists. If you feel unsure about the quality of the English, we strongly recommend engagement of a native English speaker or a professional editing service.
Sentences should be clear and concise. Avoid wordiness, excessive use of jargon, a stilted, flowery, deliberately complicated delivery which impairs the reader’s ability to grasp and appreciate the author’s message. Take note that no sentence must be alone, therefore, write in paragraphs. A paragraph is not just a sum of sentences; a paragraph is a story or a demonstration.
* MANUSCRIPT FORMAT
Manuscripts must be Microsoft Word documents (DOC format).
Margins: Normal margin page layout with justified margins.
Indents and Spacing: Manuscripts must be double-spaced throughout in Unicode Times New Roman throughout, normal font spacing; font size 12 pts; US English spelling.
A single blank must always follow after a period, colon, semicolon or comma, except within numerals, standard abbreviations (such as e.g., i.e.), capital letters used to refer to single images within a plate (Fig. 1C,D), and between numerals and units of measure: “2 mm” not “2mm”, but “5%” not “5 %”.
Use an En Dash between page numbers and measurements, “120–130” not an Em Dash, “120—130."
Main section headings are bold all caps font (14 pts), subheadings (in Materials and Methods and Results sections) are bold sentence case font (12 pts).
Lines of all paragraphs except the first line of the first paragraph in a section should be indented (left-indent, 1 cm) using the tab key, not the spacebar. There should be no empty lines between paragraphs.
Paragraph spacing: Before, After: 0 pt.
Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.
In the body of the text there are:
no bold fonts (except section headings),
no numbered paragraphs/sections,
no sub-section headings in italics in the Materials and Methods and Results sections
no bullet points,
no tables, no figures,
no mention of the placement of tables or figures,
no embelishments: no footnotes, no headers.
Check the document by running Word's Spelling (US En) and Grammar feature.
Ensure that your MS Word document (the manuscript) is not set for use requiring contextual shaping in a "right-to-left language" such as Arabic
When submitting a manuscript, turn on the Line Numbers via the Page Layout option of word, apply continuous numbering. Line numbers and page numbers on each page are required to make it easier for reviewers to provide comments.
** MANUSCRIPT ORGANIZATION
A manuscript must be divided into the following ordered sections:
PAPER DESCRIPTION / HIGHLIGHTS
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Conflict of interest disclosure
optional: SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL / online-only supplement
Organization of THE MANUSCRIPT
PAPER DESCRIPTION / HIGHLIGHTS
THE FIRST PAGE OF THE MANUSCRIPT IS THE PAPER DESCRIPTION / HIGHLIGHTS
Provide a self-contained Paper Description which will be included on the published article-summary web page.
The Paper Description consists of answering 4 simple questions using not more than 100 words.
The Paper Description should be in a bulleted paragraph style - in FOUR bullet points, presented as brief answers to these questions, (not as one paragraph):
- Why did you start?
What is already known about the topic of your submission? Avoid statements about how a process is not well understood. Provide the rationale for the research, or the reason why the research was conducted.
- What did you do?
Provide an explanation of the design and methods and the experimental model employed in the research.
- What did you find?
Describe the results: what is new in your work, has not already been reported?
- What does it mean?
Provide an indication of the broader significance of the work: what does your work add to the existing body of knowledge?
When presenting the paper description/highlights,
do not write the above "questions", do not use unexplained abbreviations and acronyms, do not cite references.
The purpose of the Paper Description is to provide a resume of your work: to introduce it, to demonstrate your interest in presenting it to a reading public, to draw attention to it and to motivate readers to engage in it. The Page Description will be the first contact you have with a prospective reader. Note that the Paper Description/Highlights of your article, if it is published, will also be used by Archives of Biological Sciences on Facebook.
Do not skim through the Paper Description. An inadequate Paper Description is indicative of a lack of focus, poor English, a superficial, careless presentation, and can preclude further consideration of the submission for peer review.
THE SECOND PAGE OF THE MANUSCRIPT IS THE COVER PAGE
The manuscript cover page does not have headings, it contains the
The title must not exceed 200 characters with spaces. Abbreviations should be avoided; the title must be straightforward not a puzzle. Avoid titles that are too general. Avoid titles that are phrased as a question.
All authors’ full names must be listed in the following order: first name, middle name initials (if applicable), family name(s).
Affiliations: Each author must list an associated department, university, organizational affiliation, address, city and country.
One author, designated as the Corresponding author must provide an e.mail address and other contact information that will be published if the article is accepted. The corresponding author is the individual who, when working on a paper with multiple authors, takes primary responsibility for communicating with the journal.
PREPRINT of the research paper: When applicable, provide the following information:
"The manuscript is available as a preprint at the following web server address: state the address, which received the following DOI: provide the DOI"
The abstract is one paragraph, without headings, and must not exceed 200 words. It should present the hypothesis (avoid statements about how a process is not well understood), objectives of the study, the experimental approach, major results and conclusion, with the last sentence of the abstract providing a strong summary statement of the study.
Unexplained abbreviations should be avoided; the abstract must be straightforward not a puzzle.
Do not include references in the abstract.
Do not use words that do not add meaning and are difficult to verify (novelty claims).
Five Keywords for indexing should be provided after the abstract which can be used for indexing purposes. Keywords that are too general and multiple concepts should be avoided.
Abbreviations and acronyms: Do not use uncommon abbreviations and acronyms in the manuscript title, abstract or paper description/highlights. The full name must be given on first appearance and only once in full, with the abbreviation or acronym in parentheses, and used consistently thereafter. If there are many abbreviations, you can also provide a list of them in one paragraph after the keywords; as in the manuscript, the full name must be followed by the abbreviation or acronym in parentheses. Abbreviations should be kept to a minimum.
Scientific names of plant and animal species: A species name is written in italics. It consists of two words: the first is the genus name, which is always capitalized, the second is the species epithet, which is never capitalized. Once a full scientific name has been used, the genus name may be abbreviated by its first letter. Names of families, orders, classes, phyla and kingdoms are capitalized but not italicized.
Gene symbols should be italicized; protein products of the loci are not italicized.
The introduction should provide a clear and balanced (concise but sufficiently informative) overview of selected recent literature relevant to the topic of the manuscript, i.e. a description of the problem addressed in the manuscript and the aim of the work.
This section must not contain subheadings; it must not refer to any supplied tables nor figures.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The Materials and Methods section must be divided into appropriate subsections. Do not begin the section with a free-flowing text, i.e. without a subsection title.
The Materials and Methods should provide enough detail to allow full replication of experiments. While a detailed description of a novel protocol is encouraged, well-established methods can be cited as articles in which the protocols are described in detail.
The Ethics Statement must be declared in the manuscript under the first heading of the Materials and Methods section.
Studies involving animals (live vertebrates) must be performed in strict accordance with internationally-accepted standards and regulations. Authors must obtain prior approval from their Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee or equivalent Institutional Ethics Committee at submission as a separate supplementary file.
For experiments (biochemical research) involving human subjects, authors must present an Institutional Review Board (IRB) statement. Authors must identify the committee approving the experiments and include with their submission a statement confirming that Informed Consent was obtained from all subjects. This must be declared in the manuscript under the first heading of the Materials and Methods section.
Apply SI Unit rules and style conventions.
The International System of Units (SI) and the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) rules for naming organic and inorganic compounds should be adhered to.
Note that the parts-per notation is a set of pseudo-units to describe small values of miscellaneous dimensionless quantities, e.g. mole fraction or mass fraction. This notation is not part of the SI system and its meaning is ambiguous. Use SI-compliant expression as an alternative [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parts-per_notation]
Units of measurement format: The SI prescribes inserting a space between a number and a unit of measurement and between units in compound units, but never between a prefix and a base unit (5.0 cm not 5.0cm or 5.0 c m. However, temperatures should be written without a space, e.g. 20°C); an exception is the percent symbol % which is written without a space (10% not 10 %) as % is not an SI unit and the recommendation is often not followed. The liter (litre) should be written using an uppercase "L". Seconds are written as "s" not "sec", hours are written as "h" not "hrs", days are written as "days" not "d". Centrifugation: express the acceleration applied to the sample in units of gravity or "x g", not in rpm.
Apply scientific rules for the use of space.
The decimal mark is a dot (.), not a decimal comma. Numbers between −1 and +1 require a leading zero (0.01, not .01).
The probability value or P is UPPERCASE and not italicized, and there is no hyphen between "P" and "value".
All numbers should be given as numerals (e.g. “In 2 previous studies…”, "...4th group", etc.).
Species names must be written in italics. For more information, please refer to: [http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/frank/kiss/kiss6.htm].
Gene symbols should be italicized.
Protein products of the loci are not italicized.
Experimental groups should not be presented as a bulleted list but in one paragraph.
Experimental animals are not sacrificed, they are killed.
Information related to the Materials and Methods section, such as list of primers, methods, calculations, maps, etc., must either be incorporated in the section in the text and not as a table, or uploaded as online supplemental material (see below).
The results must not be combined with the discussion in a "Results and Discussion" section.
The results should present clearly and concisely the obtained findings. Related findings must be presented as one figure comprised of several sub-figures, labeled “A”, “B”, “C”, etc. and described under one figure legend. (For detailed instructions regarding the presentation of results see below).
This section should be divided with subheadings that convey information about the findings. Reuse the subheadings of the Results section in the Figure Legends to make the relationship clear.
Essential background information related to the Results section, such as maps, large data sets, etc. must be uploaded as online SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL (see below).
There must be no mention of the placement of tables and figures nor placement of tables/figures in the body of the text. Tables and figures are presented at the end of the manuscript, after the references.
The discussion should provide an interpretation of the results. It should not be redundant with the Results. Authors should avoid overloading this section with excessive citations and lengthy reinterpretations of related literature and must focus on their findings. Authors should avoid over interpretation of data and drawing conclusions for which they have not provided sufficient experimental proof.
Please take note when writing the discussion that the past tense should indicate that a result is not established knowledge, while the present tense stresses the general validity of an observation.
The discussion section should not include subheadings.
Do not refer to specific (numbered) tables or figures mentioned in the results section; if a novel mechanism, model or hypothesis is presented in the last figure and is discussed, specific figure mention is allowed.
The conclusions section is optional. It should provide a brief summary of the presented findings. This section must not be written in a routine manner without much care or attention by copy/pasting parts of the abstract. It must not contain a bulleted list of conclusions. The conclusions should preferably be presented in one paragraph, without references.
Funding: All funding sources supporting the work must be fully acknowledged.
If you did not receive any funding for this work, please state: “The author(s) received no specific funding for this work.”
Acknowledgements: Persons who contributed to the work but do not fit authorship criteria should be mentioned.
Author contributions: This should include a statement of the different responsibilities that specify the contribution of every author.
Conflict of interest disclosure: If necessary, authors should describe any potential conflicts of interest.
Inclusion of more than 60 references must be avoided.
Authors must limit the number of cited references by referring to the most relevant papers regardless of whether a research or review article is submitted. If the number of references is too small, it can be assumed that research into existing literature is insufficient, also, reviewers might be concerned that the paper is plagiarized by failing to properly cite information. Too many references cast doubt on the originality of research. Remember that being at either extreme - having too few or too many references - can reflect poorly on the writer's academic ability and study’s validity.
The ABS uses the Vancouver Citation Style as outlined in the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) sample references.
References must be listed at the end of the manuscript and numbered in the order that they appear in the text.
IN THE TEXT, citations must be indicated by the reference number in square brackets [...]. Numbers corresponding to references listed in the REFERENCES section must not be in brackets.
More than two references in numerical sequence should not be written one after another in sequence but as [1-3], etc.
Use an En Dash between page numbers, “120-130” not an Em Dash, “120—130."
AVOID writing the name(s) of author(s) followed by the reference number — style the sentence so that only the reference number is stated.
Journal name abbreviations must be those found in NCBI databases [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals].
References with more than three authors must not be shortened with "et al."; all authors must be listed.
Authors must not cite: MSc theses, posters presented at scientific meetings, abstracts, unavailable and unpublished data, personal communications and manuscripts that have been submitted but have not yet been accepted. Therefore, avoid use of expressions such as "manuscript submitted", “unpublished work", as well as "data not shown".
If an article is submitted to a journal and also publicly available as a pre-print, the pre-print may be cited. References for accepted articles may be included as “in press”, with the authors, title of the work, journal and DOI provided in the reference list.
Reference formatting - examples
- Božić I, Savić D, Laketa D, Bjelobaba I, Milenković I, Peković S, Nedeljković N, Lavrnja I. Benfotiamine Attenuates Inflammatory Response in LPS Stimulated BV-2 Microglia. PLoS One. 2015;10(2):e0118372.
- Bataveljić D, Petrović J, Lazić K, Šaponjić J, Anđus P. Glial response in the rat models of functionally distinct cholinergic neuronal denervations. J Neurosci Res. 2015;93(2):244–52.
Accepted, unpublished papers
- Ċosiċ T, Motyka V, Raspor M, Savić J, Cingel A, Vinterhalter B, Vinterhalter D, Trávníčková A, Dobrev PI, Bohanec B, Ninković S. In vitro shoot organogenesis and comparative analysis of endogenous phytohormones in kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes): effects of genotype, explant type and applied cytokinins. Plant Cell, Tissue Organ Cult. 2015; “in press”. DOI.
Websites or online articles
- Huynen MMTE, Martens P, Hilderlink HBM. The health impacts of globalisation: a conceptual framework. Global Health. 2005;1: 14. Available: http://www.globalizationandhealth.com/content/1/1/14.
- Bates B. Bargaining for life: A social history of tuberculosis. 1st ed. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press; 1992. 456 p.
- Mitrović M, Đurđević L, Pavlović P. Trees physiological and biochemical processes. In: Narwal S, Pavlović P, Jacob J, editors. Research methods in plant science Vol 2, Forestry and agroforestry. Houston: Studim Press LLC; 2011. p. 159–86.
- Jarić S. Non-native plant species in the natural and anthropogenically-disturbed phytocoenoses of Srem. [dissertation]. [Belgrade]: Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade. 2009. 243 p.
Databases and repositories (Figshare, arXiv)
- Roberts SB. QPX Genome Browser Feature Tracks; 2013. Database: figshare [Internet]. Accessed: http://figshare.com/articles/QPX_Genome_Browser_Feature_Tracks/701214.
The complete guide to the Vancouver Style is available in this online book:
Citing Medicine, 2nd ed.
We suggest use of Mendeley, a free reference manager (www.mendeley.com). If you are using Mendeley, you can copy this url: https://csl.mendeley.com/styles/90452301/ABS and paste it in your reference manager in order to use it.
TABLE AND FIGURE PRESENTATION OVERVIEW
The results, which are presented in tables and figures (and figure legends), are the focal point of the submission and they play a critical role in defining its quality. A paper in which the tables and figures are deficient will be rejected immediately.
- All results must be embedded at the end of the manuscript, after the references.
Each table and figure must be separated by page breaks so that one complete table / figure is presented on one page.
- The article should contain not more than a combination of EIGHT tables and/or complete figures.
- Results must be presented concisely.
Avoid multiple redundant figure legends: Combine multiple graphs that share a common legend into one common figure. Sub-figures/-plates should be labeled “A”, “B”, “C”, etc. (bold capital lettering).
Figures and tables must not duplicate the same information.
- SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL / supporting information / online-only supplement:
DO NOT CLUTTER the body of the manuscript with tables and/or figures.
REVIEW your tables and figures, and bear in mind that tables and figures must ONLY contain NOVEL FINDINGS obtained in the study.
Information contained in tables and/or figures which is auxiliary to the main content of the article must be uploaded as a separate file(s) for publishing as an online-only supplement. Readers will access the files via hyperlinks in the Supplementary Material section of the article.
The supplementary material must be organized in ONE SUPPLEMENTARY WORD file.
See below how to prepare your supplementary material.
Authors must provide editable tables, written in word: use the Microsoft Word Table function to make tables. Format tables with Word's Table function; do not use tabs or spaces to create a table. Tables should be in black and white; rows and columns should not be shaded. Do not use line breaks or spaces to separate data within a cell.
Tables must be incorporated in the manuscript and presented after the references.
Each table must be separated by page breaks so that one complete table is presented on one page (unless the table is very long).
Table fonts are in Unicode Times New Roman, font size 10 pts, single spaced.
Tables should be labeled as Table 1, etc., numbered consecutively in the order in which they are referred to in the text.
In the body of te text, tables should not be abbreviated and referred to as "Tab."
Tables should have a clear, self-explanatory title and a short description that should make the table comprehensible without reference to the text. The table title and description must be above the table. Below the table is the table caption, which should provide explanations of the abbreviations (all abbreviations within a table must be defined), and information on the applied statistical procedures. Consistency between the text and details in tables (abbreviations, group names, treatment names, units of measurement, etc.) must be ensured. Abbreviations in tables must be explained at the end of the caption.
Note that the decimal mark is a dot, not a decimal comma.
The list of Figure Legends comes after the last table as a separate section.
Do not provide the figure legends with the actual figures (on the same page).
A figure legend is one paragraph and should make the figure comprehensible without reference to the text. It must contain a short self-explanatory title clearly stating what the figure actually is (e.g. a micrograph, an electrophoretic profile, etc.), a brief description of the figure and the figure caption.
All abbreviations in figures must be explained at the end of the caption. Ensure consistency between the text and details in the figures (abbreviations, group names, treatment names, units of measurement, etc.).
For a figure summarizing a hypothesized mechanism, a detailed explanation must be provided in the figure legend as well as in the approriate part of the Discussion section.
When writing the figure title, we suggest re-use of the subheadings of the Results section to make the relationship clear.
Before we can formally accept your submission, your figures must meet the requirements provided on this page. The more closely your figures adhere to these specifications at submission, the fewer times you will need to revise them to meet the requirements. Your figures will therefore be less likely to slow down review or publication of your accepted manuscript.
All figures must be embedded in the text after the list of figure legends.
ONE COMPLETE FIGURE (without the figure legend) must be presented on ONE PAGE (separated from the preceding and next page by page breaks).
The number of the figure should be written in the word document (as "Fig.", not as "Figure"), numbered consecutively in the order in which the figures are referred to in the results section).
- Figures, when they are LINE DRAWINGS (graphs)
Authors can provide graphs as an Excel graphic copied in the manuscript or Word Chart (these figures do not have to be supplied as tiff files).
Data presented on graphs must include error bars on all graphs.
Ensure that the labels of the variables in the X- and Y-axes in graphs are in compliance with the unit format described above.
Ensure font consistency between the text in the figures: all label fonts in all graphs must be legible and uniformly presented in the same font type and size depending on their location in the graph.
Ensure consistency between the text and details in the figures (abbreviations, group names, treatment names, units of measurement, etc.).
Do not use faint lines and/or lettering and check that all lines and lettering within the figures are legible at final size.
Your graph isn't complete without a short title summarizing what it depicts. The title can be placed in the center, above the graph.
Maintain a clean layout. In bar graphs avoid use of gray or color and instead use solid white, solid black and patterned, horizontally or diagonally striped bars.
- Figures, when they are IMAGES (fluorescence images, micrographs, tissue sections, complete electrophoretic profiles, photographs) or contain images IN COMPOSITE FIGURES
Image figures must be embedded in the manuscript after the list of figure legends, AND MUST ALSO BE UPLOADED as tiff files (figures must not be uploaded as compressed, PowerPoint or pdf files).
ONE COMPLETE FIGURE (image) must be uploaded as ONE tiff file: when a complex figure is comprised of different plates, labelled A, B, etc. (including a 'composite' figure comprised of micrographs and line drawings (graphs, etc.)), it must be uploaded as one figure file that contains the different plates.
Images must contain clear labels: size indicators, pointers to major structural compartments, Mw (kDa), bp, etc. The lettering in the illustrations should be of sufficient size to allow for reduction in size.
Do not include figure number/title/caption within figure files.
Image resolution: It is important that the correct resolution is used when submitting digital artwork. The minimum requirements for resolution are: 1,200 dpi for line art (i.e. maps and plans in bitmap mode); 600 dpi for combination halftones (i.e. images containing drawings/photos with text labels in grayscale mode); 300 dpi for color photos; 300 dpi for halftones (i.e. black-and-white photos in grayscale mode).
SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL / supporting information / online-only supplement
Tables and figures must ONLY contain NEW FINDINGS obtained in the study.
Information contained in tables and/or figures which is auxiliary to the main content of the article must be uploaded in a separate file for publishing as an online-only supplement.
Table(s) / figure(s) cannot supplement the Introduction section.
Information related to the Materials and Methods section (e.g. maps of localities, list of primers, methods, calculations, etc.) must be uploaded as online supplemental material.
Essential background information related to the Results section, such as large data sets, maps, etc. should be uploaded as online supplemental material.
A proposed novel mechanism, model or hypothesis described in the Discussion section can be presented in a figure (schematic diagram) accompanying the main body of the manuscript. Provide a detailed description of the schematic diagram: the figure legend should make the figure (diagram) comprehensible without reference to the text.
Supplementary data should be presented in ONE separate MS WORD document and uploaded using the “ADD A SUPPLEMENTARY FILE” tab on the submission web page, not as separate files.
Supplementary data should not be embedded in the body of the manuscript.
Supplementary tables and supplementary figures must be referred to as such in the manuscript (as Supplementary Table S1, etc., Supplementary Fig. S1, etc.).
Supporting tables and figures must adhere to the guidelines presented here. (In certain cases, supporting information may also be submitted as PowerPoint, raster images, etc.). However, note that in the Supplementary Material WORD file the figure legends should be written below the figure(s). Also, do not provide the figures as either TIFF or JPG files, the figures should only be embedded in the supplementary file.
I M P O R T A N T
WHEN UPLOADING YOUR MANUSCRIPT PLEASE TAKE NOTE OF THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION
- The submission of a manuscript is not complete until all data (affiliation, country, ORCiD) for all authors are entered in the Submission Metadata fields in the online system.
- When submitting an article, each author must SIGN the Archives of Biological Sciences Copyright Agreement:
which must be uploaded as ONE pdf file using the “ADD A SUPPLEMENTARY FILE” tab.
A R T I C L E W I T H D R A W A L
The editor is responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal will be published. The editor is guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. Articles that have been published shall remain extant, exact and unaltered as long as it is possible. However, very occasionally, circumstances may arise where an article is published that must later be retracted. The main reason for withdrawal or retraction is to correct the mistake while preserving the integrity of science and is not to punish the author(s).
Article Withdrawal: Only used for OnLine First articles, which are early versions of articles and sometimes contain errors. Occasionally, but less frequently, the articles may represent infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data.
Article Retraction: Legal limitations of the publisher, copyright holder or author(s), infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like require retraction of an article. Occasionally a retraction can be used to correct errors in submission or publication. Standards for dealing with retractions have been developed by a number of library and scholarly bodies, and this practice has been adopted for article retraction by the Archives of Biological Sciences: In the electronic version of the retraction note, a link is made to the original article. In the electronic version of the original article, a link is made to the retraction note where it is clearly stated that the article has been retracted. The original article is retained unchanged, save for a watermark on the PDF indicating on each page that it is “retracted.”
Standards for dealing with retractions have been developed by a number of library and scholarly bodies, and this practice has been adopted for article retraction by the Archives of Biological Sciences:
In the electronic version of the retraction note, a link is made to the original article. In the electronic version of the original article, a link is made to the retraction note where it is clearly stated that the article has been retracted. The original article is retained unchanged, save for a watermark on the PDF indicating on each page that it is “retracted.”
The Archives of Biological Sciences allows authors to deposit Author's Pre-print, Author's Post-print (accepted version) and Publisher's version/PDF in an institutional repository and non-commercial subject-based repositories, such as PubMed Central, Europe PMC or arXiv, or to publish it on author's personal website and departmental website, at any time after publication. Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged for deposit of Author's Post-print or Publisher's version/PDF, and a link must be made to the article's DOI.
Articles published in the Archives of Biological Sciences will be Open-Access articles distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
Instructions for authors pdf file download link:
Once the manuscript is accepted for publication, authors shall transfer the copyright to the Publisher. If the submitted manuscript is not accepted for publication by the journal, all rights shall be retained by the author(s). When submitting the work, each author has to complete the Copyright Transfer Agreement.
Articles published in the Archives of Biological Sciences will be Open-Access articles distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License