Post-metamorphic ontogenetic changes in head size and shape of the pool frog (Pelophylax lessonae, Ranidae)

Tanja Vukov, Milica Kuručki, Marko Anđelković, Nataša Tomašević Kolarov


Post-metamorphic ontogenetic variations of head size and shape were investigated in the pool frog (Pelophylax lessonae, Ranidae). We showed that allometry is an important aspect of the post-metamorphic ontogeny of the pool frog as most of the differences between the head shape of subadults and adults were size-related adjustments. The largest changes affected by size variations included the posterior part of the head and the snout and eye region. In comparison to subadults, adults have wider heads, shorter snouts and relatively smaller eyes. Analyses of the relationships between head size and shape and the maximum size of the prey indicated the absence of correlations in adults. A positive correlation was found in subadults, but only between head width and the maximum size of the prey. Further studies will allow us to draw more generalized conclusions about the ecological relevance of the variations in head size and shape during post-metamorphic development of the pool frog.

Received: October 4, 2017; Revised: November 6, 2017; Accepted: November 10, 2017; Published online: November 22, 2017

How to cite this article: Vukov TD, Kuručki M, Anđelković M, Tomašević Kolarov N. Post-metamorphic ontogenetic changes in head size and shape of the pool frog (Pelophylax lessonae, Ranidae). Arch Biol Sci. 2018;70(2):307-12.


ontogeny; allometry; anurans; diet; maximum prey size

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