Population traits of the rare plant species Succisa pratensis Moench. in meadow overgrowing

Kinga Kostrakiewicz-Gierałt

Abstract


This paper examines the population traits of the rare plant species Succisa pratensis Moench. in the course of meadow overgrowing. The investigations were conducted in the years 2010-13, in Molinia caeruleae meadows situated in Kraków-Kostrze (southern Poland). The study sites represented the early (Patch I), medium (Patch II and III) and late (Patch IV) stages of succession. The abundance of subpopulations diminished from Patch I, via Patches II and IV, to Patch III. The increase in abundance in consecutive years was noticed in Patch I; an inverse tendency was found in Patches II and III, whereas lack of variability was recorded in Patch IV. The signs of senescence found in consecutive years in all subpopulations were mostly pronounced in Patches III and IV. The number of rosettes per ramet cluster did not show either temporal or spatial variability. The number of leaves per rosette diminished, while the dimensions of rosette leaves gradually increased in time and space due to diminishing light availability. The number and height of flowering stems, number of cauline leaves, as well as number of flower heads per flowering stem increased from Patch I to Patch III due to lateral shading, and then it diminished in Patch IV due to shading from above. The performed studies indicate that the subpopulation occurring in Patch I has the greatest chance for maintenance in the colonized sites, while the subpopulation occurring in Patch III is the most endangered by extinction.

https://doi.org/10.2298/ABS160421107K

Received: April 21, 2016; Revised: June 9, 2016; Accepted: July 1, 2016; Published online: October 21, 2016

How to cite this article: Kostrakiewicz-Gieralt K. Population traits of the rare plant species Succisa pratensis Moench. in meadow overgrowing. Arch Biol Sci. 2017;69(2):323-33.


Keywords


genet; Molinia caeruleae; ramet cluster; secondary succession; subpopulation, Succisa pratensis.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sih A, Ferrari MCO, Harris DJ. Evolution and behavioral responses to human-induced rapid environmental change. Evol Appl. 2011;4(2):367-87.

Fuller RM. The changing extent and conservation interest of lowland grasslands in England and Wales: a review of grasslands surveys 1930-84. Biol Conserv. 1987;40(4):281-300.

Green BH. Agricultural intensification and loss of habitat, species and amenity in British grasslands: a review of historical change and assessment of future prospects. Grass Forage Sci. 1990;45(4):365-72

Prach K. Vegetational changes in a wet meadow complex, South Bohemica, Czech Republic. Folia Geobot Phytotax. 1993;28(1):1-13.

Joyce CB, Wade PM. European wet grasslands: biodiversity, management and restoration. Chichester: Wiley Press; 1998. 385 p.

Muller S. Diversity of management practices required to ensure conservation of rare and locally threatened plant species in grasslands: a case study at regional scale (Lorraine, France). Biodivers Conserv. 2000;11:1173-84.

Joyce Ch. Ecological consequences and restoration potential of abandoned wet grasslands. Ecol Eng. 2014;66:91-102.

Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora. OJ L.1992;206:7-50.

Council Directive 97/62/EC of 27 October 1997 adapting to technical and scientific progress Directive 92/43/EEC on the Conservation of Natural Habitats of Wild Fauna and Flora. OJ L. 1997;305:42-65.

Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats – EUR 25 – NATURA 2000. [Brussels]: European Commission – DG Environment; 2003. 127 p.

Grynia M. Directions of changes in vegetation meadow communities in Wielkopolska. Rocz. AR Poznań. Roln. 1996;47:15-27.

Michalska-Hejduk D. Changes in species composition in purple moor-grass meadows Molinietum caeruleae W. Koch 1926 in the Kampinos National Park in the period 1994-2004. Studia Naturae. 2006;54(1):159-72.

Michalska-Hejduk D. Changes of semi-natural vegetation with a focus on Molinion meadows after 50 years of strict protection. Pol J Environ Stud. 2012;6:1731-41.

Kącki Z. Variability and long-term changes in the composition of Molinia meadows in Poland: a case study using a large data set from the Polish Vegetation Database. Acta Bot Sil Monographiae. 2012;7:1-131.

Kulik M. Changes in biodiversity and species composition of Molinia meadow depending to use method. Pol J Environ Stud. 2014;23(3):773-82.

Kącki Z, Michalska-Hejduk D. Assessment of biodiversity in Molinia meadows in Kampinoski National Park based on biocenotic indicators. Pol J Environ Stud. 2010;19(2):351-62.

van der Hoek D, Sýkora KV. Fen-meadow succession in relation to spatial and temporal differences in hydrological and soil conditions. Appl Veg Sci. 2006;9:185-94.

Kostrakiewicz-Gierałt K. The effectiveness of asexual and sexual reproduction in clonal species Dianthus superbus L. in different site conditions - the consequences for population development. Ecological Questions. 2013;18:33-8.

Kostrakiewicz-Gierałt K. The size structure of ramets in Dianthus superbus L. in mosaic meadow vegetation. Acta Agrobot. 2013;66(3):23-30.

Kostrakiewicz-Gierałt K. The life-history traits and seedling recruitment of Dianthus superbus L. in different stages of meadow overgrowing. Acta Agrobot. 2014;67(2):23-30.

Oostermeijer JGB, Vant’ Veer R, Den Nijs JCN. Population structure of the rare, long-lived perennial Gentiana pneumonanthe in relation to vegetation and management in the Netherlands. J Appl Ecol. 1994;31(3):428-38.

Křenová Z, Lepš J. Regeneration of a Gentiana pneumonanthe population in an oligotrophic meadow. J Veg Sci. 1996;7(1):107-12.

Kostrakiewicz-Gierałt K. The effect of vegetation character on abundance and structure of subpopulations of rare herb species Gentiana pneumonanthe L. Pol J Ecol. 2013;61(1):35-46.

Moora M, Kose M, Ülle J. Optimal management of the rare Gladiolus imbricatus in Estonian coastal meadows indicated by its population structure. Appl Veg Sci. 2007;10(2):161-8.

Kubíková P, Zeidler M. Habitat demands and population characteristics of the rare plant species Gladiolus imbricatus L. in the Frenštát region (NE Moravia, the Czech Republic). Acta Mus Sil, Sci Nat. 2011;60:154-64.

Kostrakiewicz-Gierałt K. The variability of selected features of Gladiolus imbricatus L. in relation to successive stages of meadow communities following moving cessation. Pol J Ecol. 2014;62(2):307-21.

Sporek M, Rombel-Bryzek A. Wetland restoration enhances the development of protected species (Iris siberica L.) – a case study. Pol J Ecol. 2005;53(4):591-5.

Kostrakiewicz K. The effect of dominant species on numbers and age structure of Iris sibirica L. population on blue moor-grass meadow in southern Poland. Acta Soc Bot Pol. 2007;76(2):165-73.

Kostrakiewicz K. Population structure of a clonal endangered plant species Iris sibirica L. in different habitat conditions. Pol J Ecol. 2008;56(4):581-92.

Kostrakiewicz-Gierałt K. The influence of neighbouring species on ecological variation of the selected subpopulations of Iris sibirica L. Biodiv Res Conserv. 2013;32:45-52.

Peintinger M. Distribution, population dynamics and phytosociology of Iris sibirica in the western part of Lake Constance. Carolinea. 2011;69:27-51.

Hitchmough JD. Effects of sward height, gap size, and slug grazing on emergence and establishment of Trollius europaeus (Globeflower). Restor Ecol. 2003;11(1):20-8.

Kochanowska R, Gamrat R. Grass communities with globe flower (Trollius europaeus L.) in the river Chociel valley. Grassland Science in Poland. 2007;10:119-29.

Juśkiewcz-Swaczyna B, Endler Z, Szczęsna S. Structure of a population of Trollius europaeus L. at a locality near Barczewo on the Olsztyn Lakeland. Pol J Nat Sci. 2008;23:598-610.

Kostrakiewicz K. The influence of shadow created by adjacent plants on phenotypic plasticity of endangered species Trollius europaeus L. (Ranunculaceae). Pol J Ecol. 2009;57(4):625-34.

Muncaciu S, Gafta D, Cristea V, Roşca-Casian O, Irina G. Eco-coenotic conditions and structure of Trollius europaeus L. populations in an extrazonal habitat complex (Transylvanian Carpathian foothills). Flora. 2010;205(11):711-20.

Meusel H, Jäger EJ. Vergleichende Chorologie der Zentraleuropäischen Flora. Vol. 3. Jena: Gustav Fisher Verlag; 1992. 333 p.

Herben T, Münzbergová Z, Mildén M, Ehrlèn J, Cousins S, Eriksson O. Long-term spatial dynamics of Succisa pratensis in a changing rural landscape: linking dynamical modelling with historical maps. J Ecol. 2006;94(1):131-43.

Colling G. Red list of vascular plants of Luxembourg. Ferrantia, 2005;42:1-77.

Cheffings ChM, Farrell L, editors. The vascular plant red data list for Great Britain. Species Status. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee; 2002. 116 p.

Moser DM, Gygax A, Bäumler B, Wyler N, Palese R. Rote Liste der gefährdeten Farn und Blütenpflanzen der Schweiz. Chambésy: Hrsg. Bundesamt für Umwelt, Wald und Landschaft; Bern: Zentrum des Datenverbundnetzes der Schweizer Flora, Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève Chambésy, BUWAL-Reihe „Vollzug Umwelt“; 2002. 118 p.

Adams A. W. Succisa pratensis Moench. (Scabiosa succisa L.). J Ecol. 1955;43(2):709-18.

Harper JL, Williams JT, Sagar GR. The behavior of seeds in soil. I. The heterogeneity of soil surfaces and its role in determining the establishment of plants from seeds. J Ecol. 1965;53(2):273-86.

Grubb PJ. Maintenance of species richness in plant communities: the importance of the regeneration niche. Biol Rev Cambridge Philos Soc. 1977;52(1):107-45.

Falińska K. Alternative pathways of succession: Species turnover patterns in meadows abandoned for 30 years. Phytocoenosis N.S. 15. Arch Geobot. 2003;9:1-104.

Diemer M, Oetiker K, Billeter R. Abandonment alters community composition and canopy structure of Swiss calcareous fens. Appl Veg Sci. 2001;4(2):237-46.

Schratzer J, Jensen K. Relationship between light availability and species richness during fen grassland succession. Nordic J Bot. 2004;24(3):341-53.

Wheeler BD, Giller KE. Species richness of herbaceous fen vegetation in Broadland, Norfolk in relation to the quantity of above-ground plant material. J Ecol. 1982;70(1):179-200.

Peintinger M, Berrgamini A. Community structure and diversity of bryophytes and vascular plants in abandoned fen meadows. Plant Ecol. 2006;185(1):1-17.

Opdekamp W, Beauchard O, Backx H, Franken F, Cox TJS, van Diggelen R, Meire P. Effects of mowing cessation and hydrology on plant trait distribution in natural fen meadows. Acta Oecol. 2012;39:117-27.

Sienkiewicz-Paderewska D, Borawska-Jarmułowicz B, Mastalerczuk G, Chodkiewicz A, Stypiński P. Effects of mowing cessation on Molinietum caeruleae meadow vegetation. Water-Environment-Rural Areas. 2012;12(1):167-79.

Křecek J, Nováková J. Soil water content and plant succession after the harvest of mature spruce stands in a mountain catchment. Ekológia (Bratislava). 2009;28(2):213-24.

Szabó R, Prach K. Old-field succession related to soil nitrogen and moisture, and the importance of plant species traits. Community Ecol. 2009;10(1):65-73.

Grime JP, Mason G, Curtis AA, Rodman J, Band SR, Mowforth MAG, Neal AM, Shaw S. A comparative study of germination characteristics in a local flora. J Ecol. 1981;69(3):1017-59.

Kotorová I, Lepš J. Comparative ecology of seedling recruitment in an oligotrophic wet meadow. J Veg Sci. 1999;10(2):175-86.

Bühler C, Schmid B. The influence of management regime and altitude on the population structure of Succisa pratensis: implications for vegetation monitoring. J Appl Ecol. 2001;38(4):689-98.

Isselstein J, Tallowin JRB, Smith REN. Factors affecting seed germination and seedling establishment of fen-meadow species. Restor Ecol. 2002;10(2):173-84.

Špačková I, Lepš J. Variability of seedling recruitment under dominant, moss, and litter removal over four years. Folia Geobot. 2004;39(1):41-55.

Overbeck G, Kiehl K, Abs C. Seedling recruitment of Succisella inflexa in fen meadows: Importance of seed and microsite availability. Appl Veg Sci. 2003;6(1):97-104.

Bissels S, Hölzel N, Otte A. Population structure of the threatened perennial Serratula tinctoria in relation to vegetation and management. J Appl Veg Sci. 2004;7(2):267-74.

Jensen K., Meyer C. Effects of light competition and litter on the performance of Viola palustris and on species composition and diversity of an abandoned fen meadow. Plant Ecol. 2001;155:169-81

Mudrák O, Frouz J. Allelopathic effect of Salix caprea litter on late successional plants at different substrates of post-mining sites: pot experiment studies. Botany. 2012;90(4):311-18.

Kostrakiewicz-Gierałt K, Kozak M, Kozłowska-Kozak K. The effect of different habitat conditions on temporal and spatial variation in selected population properties of the rare plant species Trollius europaeus L. Biodiv Res Conserv. 2015;39:67-78.

Kostrakiewicz-Gierałt K. The variability of Succisa pratensis Moench individuals and ramet clusters in abandoned Molinietum caeruleae meadows. Ekológia (Bratislava). 2015;34(3):216-25.

Davis MA, Ritchie B, Graf N, Gregg K. An experimental study of the effects of shade, conspecific crowding, pocket gophers and surrounding vegetation on survivorship, growth and reproduction of Penstemon grandiflorus. Am Midl Nat. 1995;134(2):237-43.

Crone W, McDaniel CN. Flowering Response to Transplanting and Rooting Manipulations in Arabidopsis thaliana (Brassicaceae). Int J Plant Sci. 1997;158(3):231-35.

Sotek Z. Life history of Plantago coronopus L. at the limit of its range. Ekológia (Bratislava). 2007;26(1):14-29.

Casal JJ. Shade Avoidance. The Arabidopsis Book. 2012; 10: e0157. Available: http://doi.org/10.1199/tab.0157

Brock MT, Weinig C, Galen CA. comparison of phenotypic plasticity in the native dandelion Taraxacum ceratophorum and its invasive congener T.officinale. New Phytol. 2005;166:173-83.

Robakowski

P, Dworzycki P, Kroczok M, Wyka T. Morphological acclimation to light and partitioning of energy absorbed by leaves in Saxifraga nivalis and Saxifraga moschata subsp. basaltica. Opera Corcontica. 2013;50:113-22.

Rather AM, Nawchoo IA, Wani AA, Ganie A.H. Valeriana jatamansi: a phenotypically variable plant species of Kashmir Himalaya. Life Sci J. 2012;9(2):540-3.

Smith H, Whitelam GC. The shade avoidance syndrome: multiple responses mediated multiple phytochromes. Plant, Cell Environ. 1997;20(6):840-4.

van der Meer S, Dahlgren JP, Milden M, Ehrlen J. Differential effects of abandonment on the demography of the grassland perennial Succisa pratensis. Popul Ecol. 2014;56(1):151-60.

Vergeer P, Rengelink R, Ouborg NJ, Roelofs JGM. Effects of population size and genetic variation on the response of Succisa pratensis to eutrophication and acidification. J Ecol. 2003;91(4):600-9.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 ARCHIVES OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.