Tagging of RPS9 as a tool for ribosome purification and identification of ribosome-associated proteins

Authors

  • Bogdan Jovanovic 1. Mannheim Institute for Innate Immunoscience (MI3), Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim; 2. Center for Molecular Biology of Heidelberg University (ZMBH), Heidelberg; 3. German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) – ZMBH Alliance, Heidelberg; 4. Center for Human Molecular Genetics, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Belgrade
  • Lisa Schubert 1. Mannheim Institute for Innate Immunoscience (MI3), Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany; 2. Center for Molecular Biology of Heidelberg University (ZMBH), Heidelberg, Germany; 3. German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) – ZMBH Alliance, Heidelberg; 4. Novo Nordiks Foundation Center for Protein Research, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Fabian Poetz 1. Mannheim Institute for Innate Immunoscience (MI3), Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim; 2. Center for Molecular Biology of Heidelberg University (ZMBH), Heidelberg; 3. German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) – ZMBH Alliance, Heidelberg
  • Georg Stoecklin 1. Mannheim Institute for Innate Immunoscience (MI3), Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim; 2. Center for Molecular Biology of Heidelberg University (ZMBH), Heidelberg; 3. German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) – ZMBH Alliance, Heidelberg

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.2298/ABS20120557J

Keywords:

RPS9, ribosome-associated proteins, ribosome purification, streptavidin-binding peptide, affinity purification

Abstract

Paper description:

  • There are no reliable tools for the purification and identification of ribosomal and ribosome-associated proteins in human cell lines.
  • We developed a system for the purification of ribosomes and ribosome-associated proteins that can be used in any human cell line.
  • All ribosomal proteins and many ribosome-associated proteins in the HeLa cell line were purified and detected, demonstrating the efficiency of the method.
  • This tool will be helpful for the characterization of human ribosome heterogeneity, post-translational modifications of ribosomal proteins, and changes in ribosome-associated factors after exposure of human cells to different stimuli and conditions.

Abstract: Ribosomes, the catalytic machinery required for protein synthesis, are comprised of 4 ribosomal RNAs and about 80 ribosomal proteins in mammals. Ribosomes further interact with numerous associated factors that regulate their biogenesis and function. As mutations of ribosomal proteins and ribosome-associated proteins cause many diseases, it is important to develop tools by which ribosomes can be purified efficiently and with high specificity. Here, we designed a method to purify ribosomes from human cell lines by C-terminally tagging human RPS9, a protein of the small ribosomal subunit. The tag consists of a flag peptide and a streptavidin-binding peptide (SBP) separated by the tobacco etch virus (TEV) protease cleavage site. We demonstrate that RPS9-Flag-TEV-SBP (FTS) is efficiently incorporated into the ribosome without interfering with regular protein synthesis. Using HeLa-GFP-G3BP1 cells stably expressing RPS9-FTS or, as a negative control, mCherry-FTS, we show that complete ribosomes as well as numerous ribosome-associated proteins are efficiently and specifically purified following pull-down of RPS9-FTS using streptavidin beads. This tool will be helpful for the characterization of human ribosome heterogeneity, post-translational modifications of ribosomal proteins, and changes in ribosome-associated factors after exposing human cells to different stimuli and conditions.

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Published

2021-03-19

How to Cite

1.
Jovanovic B, Schubert L, Poetz F, Stoecklin G. Tagging of RPS9 as a tool for ribosome purification and identification of ribosome-associated proteins . Arch Biol Sci [Internet]. 2021Mar.19 [cited 2022Aug.7];73(1):47-55. Available from: https://www.serbiosoc.org.rs/arch/index.php/abs/article/view/6014

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