UPTAKE OF METALS AND METALLOIDS BY CONYZA CANADENSIS L. FROM A THERMOELECTRIC POWER PLANT LANDFILL
Fourteen metals and metalloids were determined in Conyza canadensis L. harvested from the fly ash landfill of the thermoelectric power plant “Kolubara” (Serbia). Fly ash samples were collected together with the plant samples and subjected to sequential extraction according to the three-step sequential extraction scheme proposed by the Community Bureau of Reference (BCR; now the Standards, Measurements and Testing Program). The contents of metals and metalloids were determined by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) in plant root and the aboveground part and correlated with their contents in the fly ash samples. The bioconcentration factor (BCF) and translocation factors (TF) were calculated to access uptake of metals from fly ash and their translocation to the aboveground part. Results regarding As revealed that fly ash samples in the proximity of the active cassette had higher amounts of the element. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that As had no impact on the classification of plant parts. BCF for As ranged from 1.44 to 23.8 and varied, depending on the investigated area; TF for As ranged from 0.43 to 2.61, indicating that the plant translocated As from root to shoot. In addition to As, Conyza canadensis L. exhibited efficient uptake of other metals from fly ash. According to the calculated BCF and TF, the plant retained Al, Fe and Cr in the root and translocated Zn, Cd, Cu and As from root to shoot in the course of the detoxifying process.
Key words: arsenic; bioaccumulation; bioconcentration factor; Conyza canadensis L.; fly ash
Received: October 11, 2015; Revised: December 23, 2015; Accepted: December 24, 2015; Published online: August 5, 2016
How to cite this article: Vukojević V, Trifković J, Krgović R, Milojković-Opsenica D, Marković M, Amaizah NRR, Mutić J. Uptake of metals and metalloids by Conyza canadensis L. from a thermoelectric power plant landfill. Arch Biol Sci. 2016;68(4):829-35.
He ZL, Yang XE, Stoffella PJ. Trace elements in agroecosystems and impacts on the environment. J Trace Elem Med Bio. 2005;19(2-3):125-40.
Popović A, Đorđevic D, Relić D, Mihajlidi-Zelić A. Speciation of trace and major elements from coal combustion products of Serbian power plants (II)-Obelić power plant. Energ Source Part A. 2011;33(24):2309-18.
Tesier A, Campbell PGC, Bisson M. Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of particulate trace metal. Anal Chem. 1979;51(7):844-51.
Mossop KF, Davidson CM. Comparison of original and modified BCR sequential extraction procedures for the fractionation of copper, iron, lead, manganese and zinc in soils and sediments. Anal Chim Acta. 2003;478(1):111-8.
Bakircioglu D, Kurtulus YB, Ibar H. Investigation of trace elements in agricultural soils by BCR sequential extraction method and its transfer to wheat plants. Environ Monit Assess. 2011;175(1):303-14.
Quevauviller P, Ure A, Muntau H, Griepink B. Improvement of analytical measurements within the BCR-programme: Single and sequential extraction procedures applied to soil and sediment analysis. Int J Environ An Ch. 1993;51(1-4):129-34.
Pandey VC, Singh N. Impact of fly ash incorporation in soil systems. Agr Ecosyst Environ. 2010;136(1-2):16-27.
Gupta DK, Rai UN, Tripathi RD, Inouhe M. Impacts of fly-ash on soil and plant responses. J Plant Res. 2002;115(6):401-09.
Krgović R, Trifković J, Milojković-Opsenica D, Manojlović D, Mutić J. Leaching of major and minor elements during the transport and storage of coal ash obtained in power plant. Sci World J. 2014:212506.
Padmavathiamma PK, Li LY. Phytoremediation technology: hyper-accumulation metals in plants. Water Air Soil Poll. 2007;184(1):105-26.
Jiang LY, Yang XE, He ZL. Growth response and phytoextraction of copper at different levels in soils by Elsholtzia splendens. Chemosphere. 2004;55(9):1179-87.
Haynes RJ. Reclamation and revegetation of fly ash disposal sites – Challenges and research needs. J Environ Manage. 2009;90(1):43-53.
Salt DE, Blaylock M, Kumar NPB. Phytoremediation: a novel strategy for the removal of toxic metals from the environment using plant. Nat Biotechnol.1995;13(5):468-74.
Sarma H. Metal hyperaccumulation in plants: a review focusing on phytoremediation technology. J Environ Sci Technol. 2011;4(2):118-38.
Xue L, Liu J, Shi S, Wei Y, Chang E, Gao M, Chen L, Jiang Z. Uptake of heavy metals by native herbaceous plants in an antimony mine (Hunan, China). Clean-Soil Sir Water. 2014;42(1):81-87.
Krgović R, Trifković J, Milojković-Opsenica D, Manojlović D, Marković M, Mutić J. Phytoextraction of metals by Erigeron canadensis L. from fly ash landfill of power plant “Kolubara”. Environ Sci Pollut R. 2015;22(14):10506-15.
Martley E, Gulson B, Louie H, Wu M, Di P. Metal partitioning in soil profiles in the vicinity of an industrial complex, New South Wales, Australia. Geochem-Explor Env A. 2004;4(2):171-9.
Rattan RK, Dattam SP, Chhonkar PK, Suribabu K, Singh AK. Long-term impact of irrigation with sewage effluents on heavy metal content in soils, crops and groundwater—a case study. Agr Ecosys Environ. 2005;109(3-4):310-22.
Liu J, Zhang XH, Tran H, Wang DQ, Zhu YN. Heavy metal contamination and risk assessment in water, paddy soil, and rice around an electroplating plant. Environ Sci Pollut R. 2011;18(9):1623-32.