Relationship between the bioavailability and molecular properties of angiotensin II receptor antagonists

Authors

  • Jovana B. Trbojević Ivančić i sinovi d.o.o., Palmotićeva 13, 11000 Belgrade
  • Jadranka V. Odović Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Belgrade-Faculty of Pharmacy, Belgrade
  • Jasna B. Trbojević-Stanković 1. School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade 2. Department of Dialysis, Clinical Hospital Center “Dr Dragiša Mišović”, Belgrade
  • Dejan M. Nešić Institute of Medical Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade
  • Ratomir M. Jelić Faculty of Medicinal Science, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac

Abstract

In the present study, we investigated the relationships between several molecular properties and bioavailability data for seven of the most commonly prescribed angiotensin II receptor antagonists (also known as angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) or sartans), candesartan, eprosartan, irbesartan, losartan, olmesartan, telmisartan and valsartan. The molecular descriptors of ARBs are:, aqueous solubility (logS values), polar surface area (PSA), molecular weight (Mw), volume value (Vol), lipophilicity (logP values) and the acidity descriptor (pKa1). The respective descriptors were calculated using four different software packages. The relevant bioavailability data were obtained from literature. Among calculated molecular descriptors, simple linear regression analysis showed the best correlation between bioavailability data and the lipophilicity descriptor, logP (R2=0.568). Multiple linear regression established good correlations between bioavailability and the lipophilicity descriptor, logP, using the molecular weight, Mw, or the acidity descriptor, pKa1, as an additional, independent variable (with R2=0.661 and 0.682, respectively). Finally, excluding candesartan from the calculations resulted in a very good correlation (R2=0.852) between the remaining ARB bioavailability

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Published

2016-06-24

How to Cite

1.
Trbojević JB, Odović JV, Trbojević-Stanković JB, Nešić DM, Jelić RM. Relationship between the bioavailability and molecular properties of angiotensin II receptor antagonists. Arch Biol Sci [Internet]. 2016Jun.24 [cited 2022Sep.28];68(2):273-8. Available from: https://www.serbiosoc.org.rs/arch/index.php/abs/article/view/766

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