Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti medik.) productivity in competitive conditions


  • Sava Vrbničanin University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, Nemanjina 6, Belgrade 11080
  • Eleonora Onć-Jovanović Institute “PKB Agroekonomik”, 11000 Belgrade
  • Dragana Božić University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, Nemanjina 6, Belgrade 11080
  • Marija Sarić-Krsmanović Pesticide and Environment Research Institute, Banatska 31b, Belgrade 11080
  • Danijela Pavlović Institute for Plant Protection and Environment, Drajzerova 9, Belgrade 11040
  • Goran Malidža Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, M. Gorkog 30, Novi Sad 21000
  • Snežana Jarić Institute for Biological Research "Siniša Stanković", University of Belgrade, 11060 Belgrade


velvetleaf, density, vegetative parameters, fecundity


Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti Medik.) is an invasive alien species in many countries and one of the major weeds in summer row crops worldwide. Weed-management techniques that reduce weed production need to be investigated to provide new approaches. The first step in this process is the determination of weed productivity in different competitive conditions. Field experiments were conducted in 2006 and 2008 in an experimental field in Padinska Skela to quantify growth and seed production of velvetleaf in maize, as well as in a velvetleaf monoculture. A density of velvetleaf ranging from 1 to 8 plants m-1 was artificially created. In a mixture with maize, velvetleaf was sown in crop rows. The growth of velvetleaf was estimated based on plant height, fresh aboveground biomass and leaf area index (LAI). Velvetleaf fecundity was determined as seed mass plant-1 and seed mass   m-2. Differences between years in plant production were very prominent. In general, velvetleaf productivity in maize depended on its density. Intraspecific competition had a major influence on growth and seed production when velvetleaf density was from 4 to 8 plants m-1 in maize rows. This information indicates that environmental conditions and weed density can promote/reduce inter- and intraspecific competition and help in the construction of population dynamics models to predict population density, seed bank and competitiveness of weeds and reduce inputs for weed management.

DOI: 10.2298/ABS160212092V

Received: February 12, 2016; Revised: April 11, 2016; Accepted: April 19, 2016; Published online: October 4, 2016

How to cite this article: Vrbničanin S, Onć-Jovanović E, Božić D, Sarić-Krsmanović M, Pavlović D, Malidža G, Jarić S. Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti medik.) productivity in competitive conditions. Arch Biol Sci. 2017;69(1):157-66.


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Author Biography

Snežana Jarić, Institute for Biological Research "Siniša Stanković", University of Belgrade, 11060 Belgrade

Department of Ecology


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How to Cite

Vrbničanin S, Onć-Jovanović E, Božić D, Sarić-Krsmanović M, Pavlović D, Malidža G, Jarić S. Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti medik.) productivity in competitive conditions. Arch Biol Sci [Internet]. 2017Mar.8 [cited 2024Apr.22];69(1):157-66. Available from:




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